Publications

The Nepal Armed Violence Assessment (NAVA) is generating a host of outputs for public distribution. These include NAVA Issue Briefs, NAVA Working Papers, op-eds in South Asian and international press, and academic articles. All publications are  available in both English and Nepali.

 

Special Report

In Search of Lasting Security: An Assessment of Armed Violence in Nepal, by Mihaela Racovita, Ryan Murray, and Sudhindra Sharma, a study by the Small Arms Survey / Nepal Armed Violence Assessment project and Interdisciplinary Analysts; supported by Australian Aid, AusAID. May 2013. Special Report No. 20. Also available in Nepali.

Nepalís turbulent transition from civil war to peace has raised new questions about the overall security situation in the country. This study presents original research based on a national household survey covering more than 3,000 respondents as well as focus group discussions and key informant interviews carried out in 2011 in Nepalís Hill and Terai regions. In addition, the report draws on a wealth of data collected from official, non-governmental, and international sources throughout 2012.

A brief overview of this study and its findings has also been published as a Research Note, titled At Warís End: Armed Violence in Nepal. Also available in Nepali.

 

Issue Briefs

The Missing Middle: Examining the Armed Group Phenomenon in Nepal, by Subindra Bogati, Jovana Carapic, and Robert Muggah; a publication by the Small Arms Survey / Nepal Armed Violence Assessment project, and the Geneva Declaration; supported by Australian Aid, AusAID. May 2013. Issue Brief No. 1. Also available in Nepali.

This Issue Brief reports on the history of the countryís armed groups, their initial proliferation following the signing of the CPA, their development and overlap with other societal groups, the reasons behind their recent decline, and their relationship to the state. It finds that, despite continuing political instability, overall number of armed groups in has decreased in recent years.

 

Legacies of War in the Company of Peace: Firearms in Nepal, by Aaron Karp; a publication by the Small Arms Survey / Nepal Armed Violence Assessment project, and the Geneva Declaration; supported by Australian Aid, AusAID. May 2013. Issue Brief No. 2. Also available in Nepali.

The second NAVA Issue Brief explores the scale and distribution of firearm ownership in post-conflict Nepal. It estimates that there are 440,000 privately owned firearms, with roughly one-eighth (55,000) believed to be legally registered. Most are unregistered craft weapons, referred to as country-made or katuwas, of which there are an estimated 330,000. The Nepal Army has about 160,000 small arms, and law enforcement agencies have roughly another 74,000.

 

Risky Business? Crime and Security Perceptions in the Nepali Private Sector, by Mihaela Racovita, Binod Shrestha, and Ashwasthama Pokhrel; a publication by the Small Arms Survey / Nepal Armed Violence Assessment project, and the Geneva Declaration; supported by Australian Aid, AusAID. November 2013. Issue Brief No. 3. Also available in Nepali.

Drawing on the findings of a survey of 160 businesses working in Nepalís seven major industrial corridors, the third NAVA Issue Brief explores the security perceptions and experiences of Nepali businesses from 2007 to 2012, and investigates major challenges to doing business, types and frequency of crime, actors and instruments of violence, losses experienced, and steps taken to prevent crime.

 

The Highway Routes: Small Arms Smuggling in Eastern Nepal, by Lekh Nath Paudel; a publication by the Small Arms Survey / Nepal Armed Violence Assessment project, and the Geneva Declaration. November 2014. Issue Brief No. 4.

This report examines various dimensions of the illicit trade in small arms in eastern Nepal, based on fieldwork conducted between December 2013 and April 2014, including over 100 interviews with representatives of law enforcement and the underworld. It analyses the sources of illicit small arms, the methods of smuggling and routes used, illicit trade and related activities, and the consumers and other actors involved, as well as relevant government policies. 

 

Research Note

At War's End: Armed Violence in Nepal, May 2013. Small Arms Survey Research Note No. 29, Armed Violence (also available in Nepali).

This Research Note provides an overview of the scale and evolving nature of insecurity in Nepal, its geographical distribution, and security responses. It draws on a comprehensive violence assessment involving extensive primary data collected between late 2011 and 2012, including the results of a national household survey, interviews with community members and security officials, focus group discussions, a media review, and a survey of 160 Nepali businesses.

 

External Resources

Saferworld, Small Arms Survey, Interdisciplinary Analysts, and Nepal Madhes Foundation. 2011. Armed Violence in the Terai  London: Saferworld.