Nepal Armed Violence Assessment

Nepal’s fragile peace came at a tremendous human cost. Political, economic, and social violence continue to simmer across Nepal despite the signing of the 2006 Peace Accords. There is limited information or analysis on the extent of weapons proliferation and availability in the country, much less than on the characteristics of armed violence.  Without such information, it is difficult to set appropriate priorities, design targeted programs and monitor and evaluate effective interventions.

The Small Arms Survey and a network of partners active in the region launched the Nepal Armed Violence Assessment (NAVA) to fill this knowledge gap.

The NAVA provides a clearinghouse for existing and new original research on the dynamics of armed violence and effective approaches to prevention and reduction. Key themes explored by the NAVA include:

  •     Small arms transfers, trafficking, availability, and control
  •     The types and characteristics of armed actors
  •     The gap between real and perceived risks of armed violence
  •     The distribution and scale of armed violence and victimization
  •     Perceptions of armed violence and their economic impacts
  •     Media depictions and representations of armed violence


The NAVA initiative generates solid and reliable data on armed violence to assist the Nepali government, civil society and non-governmental organisations, as well as multilateral and bilateral agencies, make solid policy and programming decisions. The NAVA combines both primary and secondary data sources – but has a focus on generating original data and analysis through field research.


The Nepal Armed Violence Assessment generated a range of outputs for public distribution. These include NAVA Issue Briefs, NAVA Working Papers, op-eds in South Asian and international press, and academic articles. All publications are made available in both English and Nepali.


The NAVA was administered by the Small Arms Survey with financial support from AusAID.